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7th Grade Vocab. Words
Unit one vocab.
commission: to pay someone to create or to do something; a percentage of the total sale a salesperson receives
viewpoint: a particular way of thinking about something
cell: the smallest unit of living matter that is able to operate independently in a body; a small room, such as in a prison
assumption: to suppose that a fact or statement is true without checking the information
membrane: a thin, soft, flexible layer that covers and protects something, such as a cell
final: complete and cannot be undone; the last game in a series or the last test in a class
considerable: large in number, degree, or extent
foliage: all the leaves on a plant
distinction: a difference between two things or a feature that sets something or someone apart from others
dimension: the magnitude or extent of something; a measurement in one directions, such as length or width
Unit two vocab.
sequence: a connected or continuous series in a partciular order; to arrange things in order
component: an essential part or ingredient of something
structure: what is created from an arrangement or organization of parts; to build or construct something
fundamental: to serve as the basic element or foundation of something
multicellular: having many cells
chance: unexpected; an opportunity to do something
molecule: the smallest particle of a substance
transfer: to move or shift from one place, person, or situation to another; an act or process of moving materials or people from one place or situation to another
merge: to combine or blend together
prevail: to succeed or triumph after working hard
Unit 3 vocab.
presumably: supposing something is true without proof
previous: something that took place before the present time
predominantly: alike for the most part, but having some differences
substitute: a person or thing that takes the place of another; use something else
flourish: thriving and growing well; doing something with a bold and showy gesture or a burst of activity
experiment: a test or a trial to discover something or verify an idea; to try something to see what result you get
sample: a single item or representative part of a larger group; to take a small piece to try it out
method: a way of doing something or a procedure that is followed to achieve a goal
isolate: to set something apart and away from others
preserve: to protect something or keep it safe from injury or destruction; a restricted area set aside to protect animals and plants
genuine: real; honest and sincere
earnest: coming from a serious state of mind
modify: to change something a little or limit it in some way
focus: to concentrate on something; the center of activity, interest, or attention
amendment: an official change made to an important document or law
constitution: a statement of the basic laws and principles of a nation; your general health
protest: to object to something or complain about it
controversial: causing disagreement or argument
conflict: a struggle or disagreement; not in agreement
illustrate: to explain something by giving examples; creating pictures
gain: to get something or win it; an increase, improvement, or benefit
manipulate: to do what you can to get your way; to move something with your hands in a skillful way
consumers: people who buy and use things; living things that eat
purchase: to buy something; something that you buy
immune: not affected by something or free from it; protected from a disease
generalization: a broad statement
manual: a booklet that gives instructions and information; worked or done by hand
lend: to give something temporarily
manuscript: a typed or written text
Unit 6 vocab.
commitment: an agreement or promise
dynamic: something that has a lot of force and energy; a strong and energetic force that often causes change
vocal: having to do with using the human voice to speak, sing, or produce sounds; the part that is sung in music
confirm: when you have a feeling or belief that gets stronger; to make sure that something is true or definite
violate: to show no respect for someone's rights; to disobey a law
slander: to talk against someone and harm them; a false statement that harms someone's reputation
register: to recognize and idea or thought or understand it; a record of important information
valid: something that is true, acceptable, or legal
elect: to choose by voting; to choose to do something
pitfall: a danger or difficulty that you don't expect
Unit 7 vocab.
coordinate: to make sure that all the parts work together smoothly; a point on a map or grid
precision: when something works exactly as it is supposed to
positions: to carefully put something in the right place; how you feel about a subject
opposing: to disagree about something or to be in competition with another
contract: to pull something inward to make it smaller; an agreement that can be enforced by law
extend: to stretch something out to make it longer
pressure: the force that is produced when you press hard on something; the feeling that people expect a lot from you or that you must get a lot accomplished quickly
balance: to place an object so that it remains steady and does not fall to one side or the other
plane: a flat surface
maneuver: a difficult or clever action that is done to change a situation to your advantage; to move somthing skillfully into or out of an awkward location
Unit 8 vocab.
external: the outisde part or what can be seen on the surface
prevention: keeping something from happening
organs: the structures made of cells and tissues in a living thing that perform specific purposes; keyboard instruments that produce music by releasing air through pipes
radiation: waves of light or heat energy
shield: to protect something, sometimes with an object or cover; anything that protects
reflection: light that bounces off an object; when you think carefully and deeply about something
constrict: when you pull in, squeeze, or tighten something
distort: to twist something out of shape or change the meaning of what someone said
exposure: when you are not protected from the wind, rain, or sun; occurs when a secret or something that was hidden is revealed
millennia: more than one period of a thousand years
Unit 9 vocab.
evaluate: to judge something to determine its worth, condition, or significance
function: when something is performing or operating normally; the purpose of something
technique: a partciular way of doing something
react: when you respond to something, either with feelings, actions, or words
thrust: to push or drive something forward with force; the main point of an argument or criticism
collapse: when something falls apart, loses its falue, or stops working; something that loses energy, health, position, or structure
tissue: related cells that are alike and work together; a thin mesh of fabric or paper that can be absorbent
mechanisim: a machine or all the parts of a device that work together
consist: what items are made of, composed of, or formed from
obvious: something that can be easily noticed or understood
Unit 10 vocab.
minor: someone who is under age 18, not yet an adult; something that is not considered important or serious
apprentice: someone who learns a trade or skill through experience
expert: someone who has mastered a particular subject or has special skill or knowledge; an opinion that comes from someone who has special skill in or knowledge of the subject
offspring: the children of humans or animals
gender: male or female
novice: someone who is beginning to learn a skill or trade
labor: the work performed to make goods or provide services; to work very hard and make a great effort to do something
scenario: a seqence of events, especially an account of what could or might happen in the future
accompany: to go somewhere with someone
commune: to relate to someone or something in a very personal way; a community of people who live together and share the common ownership and use of property
Unit 11 vocab.
hierarchy: the classification of people according to their social, professional, or economic standing
peasant: a small landowner or laborere who worked the land to grow crops
hovel: a small house or hut that is usually dirty and run-down
makeshift: something that is roughly built and intended to last for only a short time
tax: a fee that is collected by an authority, such as the government, and used for a public purpose; to make demands on your strength
tenant: a person who rents a house or apartment from the person who owns it
medium: the middle; the material or means that an artist uses to create art
intermediate: a position that is in the middle, between two extremes
pursuit: when you are chasing or trying to get something; an activity or occupation
medieval: something that is from the Middle Ages;anything that is old-fashioned or unenlightened
Unit 12 vocab.
monarchy: a nation or state in which the government is headed by a king, queen, or other ruler who has inherited the position
estate: all the money, property, and other valuable items that a person leaves when he or she dies
chivalry: a code of conduct for knights in the Middle Ages characterized by gracious and courteous conduct
flaunt: to show off posessions or abilities or to try to impress others with them
succulent: tasting delicious or having a moist and pleasing texture; a plant with fleshy tissues that store moisture
squire: a young nobleman who tended to a knight's needs during the Middle Ages; to escort people and attend to their needs
court: the place where a king or other ruler resides with his family, advisers, and servants; to seek someone's attention and favor
allegiance: loyalty and devotion to a person, group, country, or cause
rationalize: to create an excuse or an explanation for your feelings, desires, or actions to make them appear better than they are
stabilize: when situations stop changing and become more regular and constant
Unit 13 vocab.
emerge: to come out of something
label: to describe something or name it with a word or picture; something used to identify or describe an object or picture
attribute: a characteristic assocated with a person or object that comes from nature or habit: to explain the reason that you succeeded or give credit for it
trait: a distinguishing quality someone has or a physical characteristic
generation: a group that was born and lives at the same time; the process of producing something
selection: a choice
denounce: to criticize something publicly and strongly
heredity: the passing down of genetic characteristics from ancestors to their descendants
expression: how you tell or relate your ideas and feelings to others
adaptation: an adjustment in behavior or attitude; a physical change that helps an animal survive in the changing environment
Unit 14 vocab.
instance: an example that illustrates or explains what you are talking about
contribute: to give your time, effort, or money to a cause
link: to connect things or people or bring them together: something that connects two things
outcome: the result or what happened
division: separating something into parts; having little in common and separate interests or opinions
gene: carries information in a person't body about one or more thraits the person gets from his or her parents
inherit: the information in your genes that determines how you look or act
critical: important and necessary for success: finding faults and flaws in another person
approximate: to make a guess that will come close to the number; very close or exact
utilize: to make use of something
Unit 15 vocab.
intriacte: something with many complex and interrelated parts
data: facts about a topic
noteworthy: something that is important enough to attract attention
interview: to talk to someone and ask questions in order to gather information; a meeting in which someone questions another to gather information or to decide on his or her qualifications for a job
determine: to make a decision or to come to a conclusion
marvel: filled with surprise, wonder, and amazement; somone or something that causes astonishment or wonder
predicment: a perplexing or difficult situation
remove: to move, shift, or take something away; to get rid of something completely
intervene: to change or hinder the outcome of an event
dictate: to speak to someone with authority and impose or give an order; a ruling principle or command
Unit 16 vocab.
triggered: something that is started or made to happen
congestion: clogged or overcrowded
import: to bring something into one country from another country; a situation or object that has importance
traditional: something that is connected to a group's culture, customs, or beliefs
initiative: when a person takes the first step to do something; people who have the determination and ability to do things on their own
dire: something that is very serious or terrible
famine: a shortage of food
contempt: scorn or lack of respect for someone or something
justify: to prove that an action is right or give reasons or excuses for doing it
latitude: having the freedom to choose what you do; a distance north or south of the equator
Unit 17 vocab.
notion: an impression or understanding of something; a small object that is useful
economy: based on the making, trading, and using goods and services; designed to save money
compensation: something of equal value given in return
notice: when you see something, observe it, or become aware of it; a sign or an announcement that gives information or a warning
denoting: when symbols, objects, or words stand for or mean some other concept
negotiate: to gargain and come to an agreement about a deal or a plan with others
outlandish: something odd, bizarre, or very unusual
notify: to tell others about something or make something known to them
credit: recognition given to someone for an accomplishment; to purchase an item now and pay for it later
export: to transfer an idea from one person or place to another; a product that is sold and sent to another country
Unit 18 vocab.
adolescence: the period in a person's life between childhood and adulthood
mature: a person who is fully grown; fully developed
guarantee: to make sure that something will happen or you promise that something is good; a written promise that a product will work
commodity: a product that is bought or sold
financial: having to do with managing and using money
income: the amount of money a person earns or receives in a certain period of time
currency: money; something that is generally accepted or widely used
summary: a brief retelling of something that is said or written; describing something done quickly
windfall: a gain that you didn't expect
frequent: something that happens often or repeatedly; to go somewhere often
Unit 19 vocab.
dismal: gloomy, bleak, dreary, and cheerless
indefinite: plans that are unclear or uncertain; a time period that has no certain end or deadline
summons: a notice stating that you must appear; calling forth or mustering bravery
contrary: something that is the opposite or something else
cunning: tricky, sly, or sneaky
revenue: the amount of income made from a property, investment, or any money-making source
possess: to own or hold something as property; to have a skill or quality
rebel: to disobey or resist; someone who fights, opposes, or revolts against authority
ignorance: a lack of knowledge or information
acknowledgment: a statement or gesture that indicates acceptance of a fact or an action
Unit 20 vocab.
defy: to resist or challenge authority or refuse to obey
valor: bravery and courage
reserve: to hold something back and save it for later; someone who shows restraint or caution in emotions or actions
eligible: qualified or capable of doing work
coverse: to exhange information or ideas with someone by talking to him or her; something that is the opposite or reverse of something else
limitation: anything that restricts or confines
maintenance: the act of keeping something in good shape; to provide support to enable someone to continue living in the same manner
sacrifice: the act of giving up something valuable to show loyalty or affection; to destroy or give up something in order to get or keep something else
obstinate: stubborn or unwilling to change your ways
obstacle: something that blocks or restrains movement or achievement
Unit 21 vocab.
alternate: someone or something who is a substitute for another; to go back and forth between two things
somewhat: applying partially or slightly
kindle: to inspire or excite someone interest or emotion; to start or begin a fire
complement: to go well with, complete, or perfect and object, idea, or person
interrogate: to question someone thoroughly to gain an explanation
logic: thinking or reasoning in a way that determines whether or not ideas make sense or if they are valid based on what you know
demand: asking with authority or insisting urgently; to ask with authority or forcefully order something
arrogant: to behave as if you are better than others
derogatory: something that criticizes someone or tries to belittle a person and detract from his or her good qualities
potential: something that can be developed or may become real; showing promise or possibility
8th grade vocab. words
Unit One Vocab.
Adage: a proverb, wise saying
Bonanza: a rich mass of ore in a mind; something very valuable, profitable, or rewarding; a very large amount
Churlish: lacking politeness or good manners: lacking sensitivity; difficult to work with or deal with; rude
Citadel: a fortress that overlooks and protects a city; any strong or commanding place
Collaborate: to work with, work together
Decree: an order having the force of law; to issue such an order; to command firmly or forcefully
Discordant: disagreeable tin sound, jarring; lacking in harmony, conflicting
Evolve: to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
Excerpt: a passage taken from a book, article, etc.; to take such a passage; to quote
Grope: to feel about hesitantly with the hands; to search blindly or uncertainly
Hover: to float or hang suspended over; to move back and forth uncertainly over or around
Jostle: to bump, shove, brush against
Laggard: a person who moves slowly or falls behind; falling behind; slow to move, act, or respond
Plaudits: applause: enthusiastic praise or approval
Preclude: to make impossible, prevent, shut out
Revert: to return, go back
Rubble: broken stone or bricks; ruins
Servile: of or relating to a slave; behaving like a slave or servant; lacking spirit or independence
Vigil: a watch, especially at night; any period of watchful attention
Wrangle: to quarrel or argue in a noisy, angry way; to obtain by argument; such a quarrel or argument
Unit 2 Vocab.
Antics: ridiculous and unpredictable behavior or actions
Avowed: declared openly and without shame, acknowledged
Banter: to exchange playful remarks, tease; talk that is playful and teasing
Bountiful: giving freely, generous; plentiful
Congested: overcrowded, filled or occupied to excess
Detriment: harm or loss; a disadvantage; a cause of loss or damage
Durable: sturdy, not easily worn out or destroyed; lasting for a long time
Enterprising: energetic, willing and able to start something new; showing boldness and imagination
Frugal: economical, avoiding waste and luxury; scanty, poor
Gingerly: with extreme care or caution
Glut: to provide more than is needed or wanted; to feed or fill to the point of overstuffing; an oversupply
Incognito: in a disguised state, under an assumed name
Invalidate: to make valueless, take away all force or effect
Legendary: described in well-known stories: existing in old stories (legends) rather than in real life
Maim: to cripple, disable
Minimized: to make as small as possible, make the least of; to make smaller than before
Oblique: slanting or sloping; not straightforward or direct
Veer: to change directions or course, turn aside, shift
Venerate: to regard with reverence, look up to with great respect
Wanton: reckless; heartless, unjustifiable; loose in morals; a spoiled, pampered person; one with low morals
Unit 3 Vocab.
Allot: to assign or distribute into shares or portions
Amass: to bring together, collect, gather, especially for oneself
Audacious: bold, adventurous, recklessly daring
Comply: to yield to a request or command
Devoid: not having or using, lacking
Elite: the choice part of a group of people or things, superior
Grapple: an iron hook used to grab and hold; to come to grips with, wrestle with, fight with
Incapacitate: to deprive of strength or ability; to make legally ineligible
Instigate: to urge on; to stir up
Longevity: long life, long duration
Myriad: in very great numbers; a very great number
Perspective: a point of view or general standpoint from which different things are viewed, physically or mentally; the appearance to the eye of various objects at a give time, place, or distance
Perturb: to trouble, make uneasy; to disturb greatly; to throw into confusion
Prodigious: immense, extraordinary in bulk, size, or degree
Relevant: connected with or related to the matter at hand
Skittish: extremely nervous and easily frightened; shy or timid; extremely cautious
Tether: a rope or chain used to fasten something to a fixed object; the outer limit of strength or resources; to fasten with a rope or chain
Unison: a sounding together; agreement or accord
Vie: to compete; to strive for victory or superiority
Willful: stubbornly self-willed: done on purpose; deliberate
Unit 4 Vocab.
Annul: to reduce to nothing; to make ineffective
blase: indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many pleasures
bolster: to support, give a boost to
deplore: to feel or express regret or disapproval
frivolous: of little importance; not meant seriously
muster: to bring together for service or battle; to gather or summon
nonentity: a person or thing of no importance
obsess; to trouble, haunt, or fill the mind
ornate: elaborately decorated
oust: to remove, drive out of a position or place
peruse: to read thoroughly and carefully
porous: full of tiny holes; able to be penetrated by air or water
promontory: a high point of land extending into water
prone: lying face down; inclined, likely
qualm: a pang of conscience, uneasiness, or misgiving; a feeling of faintness or nausea
recourse: a person or thing turned to for help or advice
residue: a remainder, that which remains when a part has been used up or removed
solicitous: showing concern or care
staid: serious and dignified; quiet or subdued in character or conduct
sustain: to support, nourish; to suffer, undergo
Unit 5 Vocab.
aghast: filled with amazement, disgust, fear, or terror
ample: more than enough, large, spacious
apparition: a ghost or ghostly figure: an unexplained appearance
assert: to declare or state as truth, maintain or defend
cower: to crouch or shrink away from in fear or shame
disdain: to look upon with scorn; a feeling of contempt
epitaph: a brief statement written on a tomb or gravestone
ethical: having to do with morals, values, right and wrong
facetious: humorous, not meant seriously
inaudible: not able to be heard
indiscriminate: without restraint or control; unselective
intrigue: crafty dealings, underhanded plotting; to form and carry out plots
jurisdiction: an area of authority or control
plausible: appearing true, reasonable, or fair
plebian: common, vulgar; belonging to the lower class
prodigal: wastefully extravagant; lavishly abundant
proximity: nearness or closeness
pulverize: to grind or pound to a powder or dust; to destroy
sequel: a result: a literary work or film continuing the story of one made earlier
volatile: highly changeable; tending to become violent or explosive
Unit 6 vocab.
abashed: embarrassed or ashamed
aloof: withdrawn, standing apart from others
anguish: great suffering, distress, or pain
articulate: to pronounce distinctly; to express well in words; able to use language effectively
bask: to expose oneself to pleasant warmth; to take pleasure or derive enjoyment from
defect: an imperfection or flaw of some kind; to desert a cause or organization
finesse: delicate skill; tact and cleverness
flaunt: to display in a conceited, offensive way
forthright: frank, direct, straightforward
genial: cordial, pleasantly cheerful or warm
instill: to add gradually
ostracize: to exclude from a group, banish, send away
premonition: a forewarning or foreboding of a future event
pseudonym: a pen name, name assumed by a writer
purge: to wash away impurities; the process of getting rid of someone decisively
rehabilitate: to restore to good condition or to a former position
repercussion: an effect or consequence of some action or event
resolute: bold, determined; firm
retentive: able to hold or keep; retaining knowledge easily
scapegoat: a person or thing carrying the blame for others
Unit 7 Vocab.
acme: the highest point
attribute: a quality or characteristic associated with someone
belittle: to make something appear smaller than it is
convey: to transport; to transmit; to communicate
doctrine: a belief, principle, or teaching
excise: to remove by cutting
exotic: foreign; charmingly unfamiliar or strikingly unusual
haggard: thin, pale, and careworn as a result of worry or suffering
jaunty: lively, easy, and carefree in manner
juncture: a joining together; the point at which two things are joined; any important point in time
menial: lowly, humble, lacking importance or dignity
parry: to ward off, evade, avoid
predatory: preying on, plundering, or piratical
ravage: to destroy, lay waste, ruin
stance: a way of holding the body; an attitude or position on an issue
tawdry: showy and flashy but lacking in good taste
turncoat: a person who switches to an opposing side or party
unassuming: not putting on airs, modest
wallow: to roll about in a lazy, clumsy, or helpless way; to overindulge in
waver: to move to and fro; to show lack of firmness and decision
Unit 8 Vocab.
abut: to join at one end, border on
attire: clothes, apparel
avail: to be of use or benefit to; to make use of
crony: a very close friend, pal, chum
cryptic: puzzling or mystifying
divergent: going in different directions; differing from each other
enmity: hatred, ill-will
fervent: very earnest, emotional, passionate
gaunt: thin and bony, starved-looking; bare
infiltrate: to pass through or gain entrance to gradually or stealthily
nullify: to make of no value or consequence, cancel, wipe out
perceptible: capable of being grasped by the senses or mind
plummet: to plunge straight down
proclaim: to declare publicly or officially
proxy: an agent, substitute
rankle: to cause anger, irritation, or bitterness
scavenger: a person who collects usable items from waste materials; an animal that feeds on refuse
stint: to limit, be sparing or frugal; a limit or restriction
stoical: self-controlled, not showing feeling in response to pleasure or pain
unflagging: tireless, continuing with vigor
Unit 9 Vocab.
apt: suitable, fitting, likely; quick to learn
awry: in a turned or twisted position or direction; wrong
bludgeon: a short club used as a weapon; to strike with a heavy club
capitulate: to end resistance, give up, surrender
chafe: to wear sore by rubbing; annoy
defile: to make unclean or dirty, destroy the purity of
dire: dreadful, causing fear or suffering
disarming: charming, tending to get rid of unfriendliness or suspicion
disgruntled: in bad humor, discontented, annoyed
encroach: to advance beyond the usual or proper limits, trespass
endow: to furnish, equip, provide with funds or some other desirable thing
fend: to ward off, resist; to get along, manage
impunity: freedom from punishment
mien: air, manner, appearance; expression
penal: having to do with punishment
pertinent: related to the matter at hand, to the point
predominant: the greatest in strength or power; most common
prodigy: something wonderful or marvelous; a young person with extraordinary talent
recluse: a person who leads a life shut up or withdrawn from the world
renown: fame, glory
Unit 10 Vocab.
accord: agreement, harmony; to agree, be in harmony; to grant
barter: to exchange in trade; to exchange goods
curt: short, rudely brief
devise: to think out, plan, figure out, invent, create
dexterous: skillful in the use of hands or body
engross: to occupy the complete attention, absorb fully
entail: to put a burden on, impose, require, involve
ferret: a kind of weasel; to search or hunt out
habituate: to become used to; to cause to become used to
impending: about to happen, hanging over (in a menacing way)
personable: pleasing in appearance or personality, attractive
rue: to regret, be sorry for
scoff: to make fun of; to show contempt for
transition: a change from one state, condition, or place to another
trepidation: fear, fright, trembling
upbraid: to blame, scold, find fault with
veritable: actual, true, real
vex: to annoy, anger, exasperate; to confuse, puzzle
vitality: strength, energy, liveliness
whimsical: subject to odd ideas or notions, playful; unpredictable
Unit 11 Vocab.
appease: to make clam, soothe; to relieve, satisfy
belated: late, tardy
calamitous: causing great misfortune
cite: to quote, refer to, mention; to summon to appear in court
conventional: in line with accepted ideas or standards; trite
decoy: to lure into a trap; a person or thing used to lure into a trap
delve: to dig, search deeply and thoroughly in
ensue: to follow in order, come immediately after and as a result
gallantry: heroic courage; respect and courtesy
impart: to make known, tell; to give, pass something on
judicious: using or showing good judgment, wise, sensible
mediate: to bring about an agreement between persons or groups, act as a go-between
milieu: the setting, surroundings, environment
outlandish: strange, freakish, odd
overbearing: domineering, haughty, bullying; overpowering, predominant
pert: high-spirited; lively; bold, saucy; jaunty
quirk: a peculiar way of acting; a sudden twist or turn
regale: to feast, entertain agreeably
shiftless: lazy, lacking in ambition and energy; inefficient
taint: a stain or spot; a mark of corruption or dishonor; to stain or contaminate
Unit 12 Vocab.
abdicate: to resign, formally give up an office or duty
bestow: to give as a gift
capacious: able to hold much, roomy
caustic: able to burn or eat away by chemical action; biting, sarcastic
crusade: a strong movement to advance a cause or idea; to campaign, work vigorously
deface: to injure or destroy the surface or appearance of; to damage the value, influence, or effect of
embargo: an order forbidding the trade in or movement of commercial goods; to forbid to enter or leave port; to forbid trade with
fallacy: a false notion or belief; an error in thinking or reasoning
levity: a lack of seriousness or earnestness
mendicant: a beggar
nauseate: to make sick to the stomach; to fill with extreme disgust
negate: to nullify, deny, bring to nothing
pivotal: vitally important, essential
recipient: one who receives; receiving; able or willing to receive
ruse: an action designed to confuse or mislead, a trick
teem: to become filled to overflowing; to be present in large quantities
tenet: an opinion, belief, or principle held to be true
tractable: easily managed, easy to deal with
ungainly: clumsy, awkward; unwieldy
voracious: having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively eager
Unit 13 Vocab.
adapt: to adjust or change to suit conditions
attest: to bear witness, affirm to be true or genuine
dovetail: to fit together exactly; to connect so as to form a whole
enormity: the quality of exceeding all moral bounds; an exceedingly evil act
falter: to hesitate, stumble, lose courage; to speak hesitatingly
foreboding: a warning or feeling that something bad will happen
forlorn: totally abandoned and helpless; sad and lonely
haughty: chillingly proud and scornful
impediment: a physical defect; a hindrance, obstacle
imperative: necessary, urgent
loiter: to linger in an aimless way, hang around
malinger: to pretend illness to avoid duty or work
pithy: short but full of meaning and point
plunder: to rob by force, especially during wartime; to seize wrongfully; property stolen by force
simper: to smile or speak in a silly, forced way; a silly, forced smile
steadfast: firmly fixed; constant, not moving or changing
vaunted: much boasted about in a vain or swaggering way
vilify: to abuse or belittle unjustly or maliciously
waif: a person without a home or friend; a stray person or animal
wry: twisted, turned to one side; cleverly and often grimly humorous
Unit 14 Vocab.
amplify: to make stronger, larger, greater, louder
armistice: a temporary peace, halt in fighting
arrogant: haughty, too convinced of one's own importance
bland: gentle, soothing, mild; lacking interest or taste
disclaim: to deny interest in or connection with; to give up all claim to
epoch: a distinct period of time, era, age
estrange: to drift apart or become unfriendly; to cause such a separation
gratify: to please, satisfy; to indulge or humor
infinite: exceedingly great, inexhaustible, without limit, endless
irascible: easily made angry, hot-tempered
kindred: a person's relatives; related by blood; like, similar
naive: innocent, unsophisticated, showing lack of wordly knowledge and experience
niche: a decorative recess in a wall; a suitable place or position for a person or thing
obliterate: to blot out completely, destroy utterly
ramshackle: appearing ready to collapse, loose and shaky
ransack: to search or examine thoroughly; to rob
rote: unthinking routine, a mechanical way of doing something
solvent: able to meet one's financial obligations; having the power to dissolve other substances
tedious: long and tiresome
vendor: a person who sells something
Unit 15 Vocab.
abyss: a deep or bottomless pit
befall: to happen, occur; to happen to
crucial: of supreme importance, decisive, critical
dregs: the last remaining part; the part of least worth
embody: to give form to; to incorporate, include; to personify
exasperate: to irritate, annoy, or anger
fiasco: the complete collapse or failure of a project
garnish: to adorn or decorate, especially food
heritage: an inheritance; a birthright
inert: lifeless, unable to move or act; slow
mercenary: acting or working for self-gain only; a hired soldier
negligent: marked by carelessness or indifference; failing to do what should be done
oblivion: forgetfulness, disregard; a state of being forgotten
opus: an impressive piece of work
pallid: pale, lacking color; weak and lifeless
parable: a short narrative designed to teach a moral lesson
rational: based on reasoning; sensible, reasonable
reciprocal: shared; involving give-and-take between two persons or things; working in both directions
stricture: a limitation or restriction; a criticism; a narrowing of a passage in the body
veneer: a thin outer layer; the surface appearance or decoration
QW 1.1.1 How does the structure of Marlowe's poem develop a central theme of the text?
QW 1.1.2 How does the language of Marlowe's poem evoke a sense of time and place? How does this time and place develop a central idea of the text?
QW 1.1.3 How does Raleigh develop a central idea of his poem?
QW 1.1.4 How does Raleigh draw upon or transform Marlowe's poem?
QW 1.1.5 Which of Raleigh's central ideas does Williams focus on and how does Williams develop this idea?
QW 1.1.7 How does Williams draw upon and transform the central ideas established by Marlowe and Raleigh?
QW 1.2.1 How does the character of Ender Wiggins develop in this passage?
QW 1.2.2 How does the character of Ender Wiggins further develop in this passage?
QW 1.2.3 How do Ender's actions in this passage reveal an emerging central idea of this text?
QW 1.2.4 How do Ender's actions in this passage reveal a central idea of the text?
QW 1.2.5 How does the author's descriptive word choice further develop the characters of Sedgewick and Hundert?
QW 1.2.6 how does the character of Hundert further develop in this passage?
QW 1.2.8 How do Hundert's reflections develop a central idea of the text?
QW 1.2.9 Determine a central idea from Hundert's reunion with his former students. How does this idea emerge and develop over the course of the text?
QW 1.2.10 How do details in the passage develop your understanding of Hundert's conflicting motivations? Use evidence from the text (including details from the first "Mr. Julius Caesar" competition) to support your answer.
QW 1.2.11 How does the competition and its aftermath further develop a central idea in the text?
QW 1.2.12 How does the interaction between Hundert and Deepak develop your understanding of the relationship between Hundert and Bell?
QW 1.3.1 How does the interaction between Waverly and her mother in this passage reveal a central idea of the text?
QW 1.3.2 How does your understanding of Waverly develop over the course of the passage?
QW 1.3.4 How does Waverly's character develop through confrontation and competition? Draw upon evidence from throughout the chapter to support your understanding.
QW 1.3.5 How do Jing-mei's interactions with her mother develop over the course of this passage? What is she hoping will happen?
QW 1.3.8 How does Tan develop and refine a central idea in "Two Kinds"?
QW 1.3.9 What is the imapct of Tan's choice to insert Waverly into "Two Kinds"?
QW 1.3.10 How does Mike's relationship with his father develop a central idea of the text?
QW 1.3.12 What connection does Bissinger develop between Don and Charlie's relationship and Permian football?
QW 2.1.2 How does King develop his reasons for being in Birmingham in paragraphs 3-5? How do these ideas connect to the first two paragraphs of the letter?
QW 2.1.3 How do paragraphs 7-9 develop a claim King makes in paragraph 6?
QW 2.1.4 How does King use rhetoric in paragraph 9 to advance his purpose?
QW 2.1.5 Delineate the argument and specific claims in paragraphs 10-11. Assess whether King's evidence is relevant and sufficient.
QW 2.1.6 Analyze the cumulative impact of word choices, including figurative language and connotation, on the development of a central idea present in both "In This Blind Alley" and "Letter from Birmingham Jail."
QW 2.1.7 Delineate King's argument in paragraphs 12-15. Assess the validity of his reasoning.
QW 2.1.8 Determine King's purpose in paragraphs 16-18 and ahalyze how he uses rhetoric to advance that purpose.
QW 2.1.9 How does King's new claim in paragraphs 19-21 refine his central claim in paragraphs 1-18?
QW 2.1.11 How does King's use of rhetoric advance his purpose in paragraphs 22-23?
QW 2.1.12 How does King use paragraphs 24-25 to refine his claim in paragraphs 22-23?
QW 2.1.14 How does King unfold his analysis of the church in paragraphs 26-33? Provide three or more examples from the text to support your response.
QW 2.1.15 How does King use paragraphs 26-33 to develop and refine an idea from earlier in the text?
QW 2.1.16 How do King's use of rhetoric and placement of this paragraph advance his purpose?
QW 2.1.17 How does King's use of rhetoric in the final five paragraphs advance the purpose of the letter as a whole?
QW 2.1.18 How does the conclusion of the letter refine an idea developed throughout the letter?
QW 2.3.1 How do the Articles develop and refine the ideas expressed in the Preamble?
QW 2.3.4 How does Roosevelt use rhetoric in paragraphs 10-16 to advance the purpose of her speech?
QW 2.3.5 How does Yousafzai use rhetoric in paragraphs 1-6 to advance her purpose?
QW 2.3.6 Select a passage from paragraphs 10-20. How does this passage develop and refine a claim from the text as a whole?
QW 3.1.1 How does Skloot unfold events in this excerpt (pages 1-4) and what connections does she draw among these events?
QW 3.1.3 How does the cumulative impact of specific word choices and phrases advance Skloot's pupose in this excerpt (chapter 13)?
QW 3.1.5 Analyze how Skloot uses examples in this portion of the text (chapter 17) to advance her purpose.
QW 3.1.7 What is the impact of the order in which Skloot unfolds events and ideas in chapter 21?
QW 3.1.8 How does Skloot use specific details in this section (pages 179-183) to further develop and refine a central idea in the text?
QW 3.1.9 How does the section on page 197 from "On March 25, 1976, when Mike Rogers's Rolling Stonearticle" to "of Henrietta's DNA that scientists could use to help identify HeLa cells in culture" develop and refin Skloot's ideas in the excerpt from pages 194-198?
QW 3.1.10 How does Skloot use this portion of text (pages 199-201) to further refine a central idea?
QW 3.1.11 How does the new information presented in this excerpt (p.201-206) impact your understanding of tissue ownership?
QW 3.1.12 What "miracle" happens in this portion of text, and what effect does it have on the idea that "what them doctors did was wrong" (pp.245-246)?
QW 4.2.1 How do the interactions in Act 1.1 and 1.2 develop Macbeth's character?
QW 4.2.2 Analyze how a central idea emerges in Act 1.3.
QW 4.2.3 Analyze how Shakespeare develops Lady Macbeth over the course of this scene.
QW 4.2.4 Analyze how Lady Macbeth and Macbeth's relationship develops over the course of these scenes.
QW 4.2.5 Analyze the impact of Shakespeare's use of figurative language on the mood of this scene.
QW 4.2.6 Analyze the effect of Shakespeare's structural choices in this scene.
QW 4.2.7 Donalbain states: "There's daggers in men's smiles." How does Shakespeare develop this idea in Act 2.3?
QW 4.2.9 How do key details in this scene further develop a central idea?
QW 4.2.10 Analyze how Lady Macbeth and Macbeth's interaction in this scene advances the plot.
QW 4.2.11 How do the interactions between Macbeth and Lady Macbeth further develop the central idea?
QW 4.2.12 How do the Witches' interactions with Macbeth advance the plot?
QW 4.2.13 How does Shakespeare use specific details to develop a central idea in this scene?
QW 4.2.14 How does Shakespeare further develop Macbeth through the interaction between Malcolm and Macduff?
QW 4.2.15 Analyze the effect of Shakespeare's structural choice in revealing to the audience and to Macduff that his family has been murdered.
QW 4.2.16 Analyze how Shakespeare refines a central idea through his development of the character of Lady Macbeth in this scene.
QW 4.2.17 How do the character interactions in these scenes further develop the character of Macbeth?
QW 4.2.18 How does Shakespeare's use of figurative langauge further develop the character of Macbeth in these scenes?
QW 4.2.19 How does Shakespeare unfold and develop an element of tragedy in Act 5.7 and 5.8?
QW 4.2.21 Which character bears the most responsibility for the tragedy of Macbeth? Use reasoning to support the claim and provide one piece of evidence to support your choice and strengthen your reasoning.